Currently, property can qualify for either agricultural relief or woodlands relief if it is situated in the European Economic Area (EEA). With the UK having left the EU, the change will bring the inheritance tax treatment of property located in the EEA in line with the treatment of property located in the rest of the world.
The change will also see property located in the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands ceasing to qualify for agricultural relief from 6 April 2024, bringing the treatment in line with that for woodlands relief.
Inheritance tax relief
- Agricultural relief: This effectively exempts most land or pasture used to grow crops or to rear animals from inheritance tax. Relief applies both for lifetime gifts and on death.
- Woodlands relief: Not as generous as agricultural relief, given it only covers growing timber, not the land itself, and inheritance tax is just deferred until timber is sold.
- Business relief: There are no indications that business relief will be likewise restricted, so it may be possible to restructure agricultural and woodland interests affected by the change to instead qualify for this relief. Another option will be to gift agricultural property while relief is still available. If such planning is not possible, individuals will need to review their future inheritance tax exposure.
Environmental land management
The government is also consulting on how agricultural relief might be extended to certain types of environmental land management. The current rules are sometimes perceived as a barrier to landowners participating in environmental schemes due to concern that tax relief could be lost. Although business relief will often be available as an alternative, this relief is not available in all circumstances.
HMRC’s detailed guidance on agricultural relief can be found here.