The next step for Making Tax Digital

Making Tax Digital (MTD) for VAT has been in place for three years, but this first phase excluded voluntarily registered businesses beneath the registration threshold. From 1 April 2022, all VAT-registered businesses must implement MTD regardless of turnover.

The vast majority of businesses registered voluntarily under the scheme will have done so because they can recover input VAT without suffering any, or much, in the way of output VAT   – typically where customers are VAT registered or sales are zero-rated. Most new entrants will therefore not be using the flat rate scheme and will have to keep full digital records.

There are limited exceptions from MTD, but voluntarily registered businesses can simply deregister if the amount of VAT recovered doesn’t warrant the time and/or cost involved with MTD compliance.

Signing up

Those businesses now coming into the scope of MTD must use it for their first VAT return starting on or after 1 April 2022. There could therefore be quite a delay if submitting returns annually. For example, with an annual accounting period to 31 December, MTD will not need to be used until the year beginning 1 January 2023.

Businesses need to sign up for MTD, but this should be done only after the final non-MTD return has been submitted. If paying by direct debit, sign up needs to be at least a week before the first MTD return is due.


Compatible software has to be in place for the start of the first MTD VAT return period. The easiest option will be if records are currently kept on a spreadsheet. Free bridging software can then be used to pick up relevant details and submit VAT returns to HMRC. Bridging software is necessary because any transfer of data must be done using a digital link; cutting and pasting is not a digital link.

Even if full VAT record-keeping software is required, there are some free versions available.

Smaller businesses will invariably be wary of change, but MTD should improve accuracy. HMRC figures show that for 2019/20, a reduction in errors brought in some £195 million in extra VAT revenue.

For MTD support visit our digitisation hub